I wrote and posted an article in my blog about verses which are supposedly contradictory. Here is the link to my previous post.

However, I wish to answer the claims the Bible has many problems and contradictions.

Matthew 27 allegedly said two robbers insulted Jesus while Luke 23 said there was only one. This is an alleged contradiction.

There is no inconsistency at all. Both thieves ridiculed Jesus at first. Yet, Jesus asked the Father to forgive those who crucified Him and scoffed at Him. One of them saw Jesus was different from other people. He had a change of heart, and eventually believed Christ was the Messiah.

Matthew 27:38-44

38 Then two robbers were crucified with Him, one on the right and another on the left.

39 And those who passed by blasphemed Him, wagging their heads

40 and saying, “You who destroy the temple and build it in three days, save Yourself! If You are the Son of God, come down from the cross.”

41 Likewise the chief priests also, mocking with the scribes and elders, said,

42 “He saved others; Himself He cannot save. If He is the King of Israel, let Him now come down from the cross, and we will believe Him.

43 “He trusted in God; let Him deliver Him now if He will have Him; for He said, ‘I am the Son of God.’”

44 Even the robbers who were crucified with Him reviled Him with the same thing.

Luke 23:34 Then Jesus said, “Father, forgive them, for they do not know what they do.” And they divided His garments and cast lots.

Luke 23:39-43

39 Then one of the criminals who were hanged blasphemed Him, saying, “If You are the Christ, save Yourself and us.”
40 But the other, answering, rebuked him, saying, “Do you not even fear God, seeing you are under the same condemnation?
41 “And we indeed justly, for we receive the due reward of our deeds; but this Man has done nothing wrong.”
42 Then he said to Jesus, “Lord, remember me when You come into Your kingdom.”
43 And Jesus said to him, “Assuredly, I say to you, today you will be with Me in Paradise.”

Mark 15:25 VS John 19:14 – Was Jesus Crucified during the third hour or six hour?

Based on Roman time, one day is from midnight to midnight. The Jewish 24-hour cycle starts at 6pm while the morning starts at 6am. When Mark asserted, Christ was crucified at the third hour which his was about 9am. John said Christ’s trial was about the sixth hour. Hence, the trial came before the crucifixion. It will not repudiate any testimony of gospel writers.

Matthew 27:5 vs Acts 1:18 – Did Judas die by hanging or by falling on rocks?

These accounts are not conflicting but complementary. Judas hung himself as Matthew confirmed.  The Acts assume Judas’ hanging as a man falling down in a field. It does not cause the body to burst. Only rotting and falling from a height can cause the body to come apart.

Genesis 1 VS.  Genesis 2  – 2 Accounts of Creation?

The extended passage in Genesis 2:4-25 is a more exhaustive account of Day 6, while Genesis 1 only summarizes the Creation. There is some confusion about the plants and statement on mankind of 2:5 as well as 2:19. The obvious disagreement is answered if we distinguish between Plants that God created on Day 3 from “any plant on the field” and “before any herb of the field had grown”. You can read this in Gen. 2:4. We are told Adam and Eve cultivated the Garden (Gen 2:15). In short, God ordered man to plant and cultivate. In the Creation story line (God amplifies and refers back to the beginning of Day 6). Man was not created yet. Thus, planting or tending the Garden of Eden did not start at that time.

In summary, God created plants on Day 3 and man on Day 6. Then, man was given seed, plants and herbs. He gave them to Adam but it is also possible the pluperfect verb form was used here (see below). So, mankind was created before some plants were planted “in the field” and had grown. The references to animals and birds in 2:19 used the pluperfect tense. It should be (like many versions) translated “had formed”, which was retelling of previous events and telling of the current event of God bringing animals to Adam.

This means Eve was created on day 6, as Genesis 1 says. Genesis 2 plainly describes her creation from Adam’s rib. Remember that in Matthew 19:4-6, Jesus cited from Genesis 1:27 and 2:24 proving these are the same accounts. Man and woman in Genesis 1 is the Adam and Eve of Genesis 2 and 3.

Exodus 20:5 VS.  Ezekiel 18:20 – In Ezekiel 18:20, the child should not suffer for something bad the parent committed but in Exodus 20:5 anything done by ancestors affect their relatives as well?

We have to look at the wider perspective in both passages. In Exodus 20, we read in verse 2 God talks to the Israeli nation (at Mt. Sinai, soon after the Exodus from Egypt). Exodus 20:2 I am the LORD thy God, which have brought them from Egypt which is a house of oppression. This is aimed at a specific group of people. There is also a note at the end of verse 5 “of those who hate me”. Also, in verse 6 God says “And showing mercy for thousands that love me, and follow my commandments.” It is clear God is saying He will punish those who hate Him and be merciful to those who fear and follow Him. The pressure is not on the people but whether they will detest or love God. The logic is if generations continue to defy God, He will continue to rebuke them. And, he will spare them if they are sorry. Unfortunately, this verse also addresses the possibility that disrespectful parents will generally raise irreverent offspring. Likewise, it will offer the promise (in verse 6) God is merciful to His children who will love and follow Him.

The truth is Ezekiel 18:20 does not go against Exodus 20:5 but supports it. If the second or third generation do not rebel as well as refrain from hating God their parents (or grandparents), God does not pass on sins of the parent to their children. Ezekiel 18 is more universal in extent. In verse 4, we read “Behold, all souls are mine; as the soul of the father, so also the soul of the son is mine: the soul that sins, it shall die”. God states a universal principle that each person is liable only for his or her sin. This is not in disagreement with Exodus 20:5, including the bigger perspective of verse 6.

Genesis 11:28 VS Genesis 29:4: How can Abraham’s family be different from Ur of the Chaldees when it says his ancestors come from Haram?

Doubters say there is apparent conflict when it comes to the origin of Abraham. According to Genesis 11:28, Abraham came from Ur of the Chaldees (in southern Iraq) but Genesis 29:4 claims he came from Haran (Northern Iraq)

Abraham’s family came from Ur. They later migrated to haran when God called him (Genesis 11:31). It is not strange that Abraham would look back to Haran, where he lived until reaching 75 years in his homeland. Also, he obviously refers to the children of his two older brothers as part of the family.

Genesis 11:32 VS Acts 7:4: Was Abraham 75 years old when he left Haran, or was he 135 years old?

Abraham was 75 years old when he left Haran. Yet, this practice was not always followed although it was normal to include the names of sons from the oldest to the youngest. Genesis 11:26 does not say that Terah was 70 years old when Abraham was born. On the contrary, it says Terah lived until 70 years old before he had any sons. There were three of them: Abraham, Nahor, and Haran. The latter was probably the oldest son of terah and he was the first to die (Genesis 11:28). Nahor was probably the middle son. Abraham was the youngest. Abraham was listed first because he was the most famous of Terah’s sons. Since Abraham was 75 when he left Haran, this indicates he was born when terah was 130 years old.

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