The God of Qur’an and Muhammad
The first words Muhammad claimed receiving from his god, delivered by the angel Jibreel, are recorded in Surah 96:1. Jibreel said to Muhammad, “Read!” Muhammad replied, “Read what?” Muslims say that he replied “I can’t read.” Sahil Al-Bukhari, Book 1, Hadith 3, states the following (see also Qur’an 96:1-3)
“The angel came to me and said to me, “Iqra’a” (read). I said to him, “I cannot read.” He squeezed me and he said again, “Read.” I said, “I cannot read.” And then he squeezed me again, and he said, “Read.” I said, “I cannot read.” Then he squeezed me for the third time and said, “Read by the name of your lord.”
This story does not really make sense.
Let us examine it closely. The angel said “Read”? Should I not give you a paper or book to read before asking you to read something?
Muslims try to hide this mistake by saying the meaning is to recite. If it means to receive, why did not Muhammad say, “I cannot recite!?”
Five year old kids can recite. It should be reading since the Arabic word clearly means “to read”. These small things prove Islam to be false at the start of this story.
- If Muhammad is illiterate and unable to read, why does the angel use the wrong word: “Read”?
- If God ordered a man to read, and he is illiterate, would he not be capable of reading, as a Miracle of God?
This must ridiculous! What is the point of saying this three times if nothing has changed?
Muhammad was still not capable of reading!
The story shows the false god cannot perform miracles. If Jesus told Muhammad to “Read!”, I am sure he would have done this even if he was illiterate, as Muslims insist.
Is It True There is Only One Qur’an?
Muslims said there were seven Qur’ans during the life of Muhammad. Each had different wordings. This caused discord among Muslims after Muhammad’s death because some of them argued theirs was the most perfect and superior Qur’an. Caliph Uthman, Muhammad’s third successor, created one Qur’an, called the Uthmany copy. He burned the seven other copies.
Based on their writings, there is no manuscript of the Qur’an and the Uthman copy of the Qur’an. Non-Muslim historians said an expert on manuscripts claims the earliest copy of the Qur’an was made no less than 250 years after Muhammad’s death. This copy had numerous errors.
Is the Uthmanic Qur’an Comprehensive?
The answer is no. There is sufficient evidence the Hadith of genuine Qur’anic material is not included in Uthman’s Qur’an.
… We used to recite a surah which resembled in length and severity to (Surah) Bara’at (surah 9). I have, however, forgotten it with the exception of this which I remember out of it: “If there were two valleys full of riches, for the son of Adam, he would long for a third valley, and nothing would fill the stomach of the son of Adam but dust” … (Sahih Muslim: bk. 5, no. 2286)
Are There Ancient Manuscripts that support the reliability of the Qur’an?
There are three manuscripts of the Qur’an. One is in Kuwait that no one has seen or will ever be allowed to see. The other two are disorganized and considered ridiculous.
Recent research revealed that manuscript scholars from England saw these two copies (“manuscripts”). They concluded the present-day Qur’an does not have anything to do with Uthman as Muslims say. They suggested the date of the Uthman Qur’an is between 150 and 200 years after the death of Muhammad. In other hands, the Qur’an today is not related to Muhammad.
It is true there are early records of corruption in the Qur’an and some verses were eaten by a goat.
(Ibn Majah, Book of Nikah, p.39)
+12 (Umar records the missing verses; Bukhari 8.82.816 & 817)
Does the Qur’an Have Internal Contradictions?
What Was Written in the Qur’an Contradicts Teachings of Science
Solomon listens to ants. The Qur’an cites an incident wherein Solomon listens to ants while they were “talking”.
“Till, when they came to the valley of the ants, one of the ants said: “O ants! Enter your dwellings, lest Sulaiman (Solomon) and his hosts crush you, while they perceive not.” So he [Sulaiman (Solomon)] smiled, amused at her speech and said: “My Lord! Inspire and bestow upon me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favours which You have bestowed on me and on my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds that will please You, and admit me by Your Mercy among Your righteous slaves.”(Surah 27:18-19)
ANTS CANNOT TALK OR MAKE NOISE. THEY CAN ONLY COMMUNICATE THROUGH THE CHEMICAL KNOWN AS PHEROMONE.
This new discovery by Muhammad about ants directly opposes the scientific fact that ants communicate using smells and not modulation of sounds. Solomon could not have heard any talk since ants do not produce sound.
The Qur’an teaches there are seven heavens. One is above the other while stars are in the lower heaven. However, the moon is in the middle of these heavens.
“Then He completed and finished from their creation (as) seven heavens in two Days and He made in each heaven its affair. And We adorned the nearest (lowest) heaven with lamps (stars) to be an adornment as well as to guard (from the devils by using them as missiles against the devils). Such is the Decree of Him the All-Mighty, the All-Knower.”(Surah 41:12)
Stars are further away from the earth than the moon.
First, the Qur’an affirms there are seven heavens in the universe. Any rational person who studied some Modern Astronomy can say the conception of seven heavens is simply a product of Mohammed’s illogical imagination. Muslim compliers try to hide this grave error in the Qur’an by saying such manifestation is poetic instead of scientific.
Second, Qur’an claims stars are in a lower or even lowest heaven but the moon lies in a middle heaven. Even a child knows the stars are much further away from the earth than the moon.
Qur’an without a doubt maintains human beings originate from a lump of blood (Qur’an 23:14) Then WE made the sperm into a clot of congealed blood; then of that clot We made a (fetus) lump; then We made out of that lump bones and clothed the bones with flesh
This is not even a scientific explanation of embryonic development. It does not mention the female egg (the second and equally important half) and fertilization process when egg and sperm bond to create a new cell.
It points out the sperm, the visible, that humans knew for a long time is necessary to create a human being. Yet, the Qur’an does NOT mention the invisible (the female egg), which we know only because of modern medicine.
Muhammad insists stars are missiles thrown at devils so they may not snoop on the heavenly council. This is another strange thought.
Qur’an Contradicts Archaeology
Archaeology is both an art and science. It is technical and analytical in thinking related to past experiences of mankind. In culture and society, the goal is to understand how people lived and their reason for existence. What is the basis for such behavior? Why did they change that model? How was this achieved? When did this take place?
Some things mentioned in the Qur’an cannot be confirmed.
It says Mecca is the first and most important city worldwide. It is where Adam put the black stone in the original kaba. It was rebuilt by Abraham, Ishmael and Meccan kaba after many centuries (Sura 2:125-127). Mecca is the central trade hub of Arabs before Muhammad came.
There is no archaeology supporting such theory. This vast city should have been cited in ancient history. However, Mecca was first mentioned only at the Continuatio Byzantia–Arabica which is a document during the 8th Century.
Mecca was not mentioned in the popular trade centers. This was a barren valley with 100-mile detour near the port at the Ethiopian Red Sea.
The Qur’an must have been distrusted if Mecca was not a famous city after the time of Mohammed.
According to the Quran, the prayer of Qibla was made for all Muslims going to Mecca (624 AD). This was two years after the Hijra (Sura 2:144, 149-50).
The earliest archaeological evidence from the Mosque at the start of the 8th Century leads to Mecca near Jerusalem.
The Qibla of the first mosque at Kufa, Iraq was constructed in 670 AD. Plans for the two Umayyad (650-750 AD) mosques in Iraq revealed Qiblas was near the north. The Wasit mosque has 33 grades. Baghdad has 30. The Amr b. al As mosque near Cairo had to be placed under a governor.
Jacob of Odessa is a Christian writer and traveler. He witnessed the writing in Egypt in 705 AD. His writing in the English Museum focused on Arabs in Egypt who prayed in front of the Kaba going to Palestine. The destination was not Mecca.
Evidence shows a sanctuary that cannot be located in Mecca. It was either in Arabia or Jerusalem until the 8th Century. This is a big difference between Qur’an and archaeology.
The Qur’an and Hadith
The Qur’an disputes Hadith, an anthology of traditions that contained sayings of the prophet Muhammad.
Ṣaḥīḥ al-Bukhārī, is one of the Kutub al-Sittah of Sunni Islam is another important book in Islam.
This is what the Qur’an said.
NO ONE IS GUILTY OF ANYONE ELSE’S SIN
“Say: “Shall I seek a lord other than Allah, while He is the Lord of all things? No person earns any (sin) except against himself (only), and no bearer of burdens shall bear the burden of another. Then unto your Lord is your return, so He will tell you that wherein you have been differing.”(Surah Al-An’am 6:164)
This is what was said in Hadith.
CAIN IS GUILTY OF EVERY DROP OF BLOOD ON EARTH
“Whenever a person is murdered unjustly, there is a share of the burden of that crime on the first son of Adam, for he [Cain] was the first to start the tradition of murdering.”(Bukhari, vol. 4, book 60, no 3335)
The Qur’an and the Gospel of Barnabas
Ang Qur’an contradicts the Gospel of Barnabas. Islam apologists use the Gospel of Barnabas to support their arguments but the Gospel of Barnabas also opposes the Qur’an.
The irony is the Gospel of Barnabas counters the writings in their primary book of faith (Qur’an).
There are other inconsistencies between the Qur’an and Gospel of Barnabas which cannot be explained well. One has something to do with the birth of Jesus written in each book.
The Gospel narrates the moment of his delivery:
The virgin was surrounded by a very bright light and brought forth her son without any pain.
Gospel of Barnabas, paragraph 3
There is a lot of proof that the Gospel of Barnabas is a fake made up to 15 centuries after the time of Christ. Nonetheless, it is significant for Muslims that it disagrees completely with Qur’an which says of Mary and the Nativity of Jesus.
The pangs of childbirth drove her unto the trunk of the palm tree – Surah 19:23
There is not enough room here for Muslims to maintain their cherished belief in the Gospel of Barnabas.
It is in harmony with Qur’an and Islamic tradition.
It is not surprising that many Muslim scholars have discarded the Gospel as a sham. Yet, there are still many Muslim writers, promoting it as genuine text.
Another typical contradiction can be read in the Gospel of Barnabas regarding angels of God prior to the great Judgment: “The fifteenth day the holy angels shall die, and God alone shall remain alive” (paragraph 53).
The Qur’an knows nothing about the death of angels but states that eight of them shall bear the throne of Allah on the Last Day (Surah 69:17).
The Gospel of Barnabas says on the thirteenth day of the final period before the end, all mankind will die and every living thing on the earth shall perish (paragraph 53) whereas the Qur’an states that men will be alive until the last day, the great Day of Judgment, when the trumpet shall sound and “every man will have enough concerns on that day to make him heedless of others” (Surah 80:37).